Friday, February 7, 2020
Cross Cultural Management Issues of UK, China, Spain, and Finland - Essay Example This paper will assess the management issues which could arise in an international team consisting of English, Chinese, Spanish and Finnish members. It will then seek to propose methods for addressing these issues and dealing with them effectively. Cross-Cultural Concepts and Issues Which Could Arise There exist many differing theories as to the way in which cultures differ considerably on several levels. One pertinent theory put forth by Maletzke (1996) categorises cultural differences into 9 groups. Although these will be briefly stated, they are relevant in assessing which problems could arise for a manager of an international group. Maletzke states that cultural differences can consist in many different categories (1996). The national character of a culture consists in the shared basic behavioural patterns and personality traits of the people in the culture. In the business arena this can be an issue if one culture, being inherently different to another, finds it difficult to und erstand, or co-operate with the other. For example, the Spanish culture is open, loud and friendly whereas the Finnish culture is formal, softly spoken and favours courteousness. This may cause the Finnish person to be offended or overwhelmed by the playful, less formal characteristics of the Spanish person. The Spanish may also overwhelm the Chinese person as Chinese tend to be more softly spoken and less verbal. Another important element of culture is time concept, which has the potential to differ greatly between cultures and cause problems when co-ordinating meetings and planning schedules. Here there exists the potential for the Chinese and the English person to conflict in that the former is less prompt for meetings, and often has no fixed start or end time whereas the English person desires a more specified form of time management. This also applies to the Spanish who may stand alone in his lack of planning, relaxed perception of time and lack of willingness to restrict his d ay to particularly planned schedules and meeting times. The space concept of culture can cause problems in that the Finnish, English and Chinese may conflict with the Spanish concept of space. The Mediterranean culture of the Spanish places little importance on private space, and may even adopt constant forms of physical contact in order to communicate and express himself. This may cause discomfort, particularly for the Finnish culture which is likely to see physical contact between mere business associates as inappropriate and even offensive. For example, the Finnish method of greeting is a simple handshake with a smile, as is the English method. The Spanish is more likely to shake hands, yet place a hand on the back of the person he greets, or even kiss the cheek of the person he greets. The two methods are rather different and have the potential to cause issues in the business arena. Perception as a facet of culture also has the potential to be an issue, in that it could represen ts which each culture defines as important and non-important. Perhaps the largest potential of raising issues is the language and non-verbal communication of each culture. Of course, different languages are a major problem, though more importantly, even if
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Push and Pull Strategy Essay Push Strategy A Ã¢â¬Å"pushÃ¢â¬ promotional strategy makes use of a companys sales force and trade promotion activities to create consumer demand for a product. The producer promotes the product to wholesalers, the wholesalers promote it to retailers, and the retailers promote it to consumers. A good example of push selling is mobile phones, where the major handset manufacturers such as Nokia promote their products via retailers such as Carphone Warehouse. Personal selling and trade promotions are often the most effective promotional tools for companies such as Nokia for example offering subsidies on the handsets to encourage retailers to sell higher volumes. A push strategy tries to sell directly to the consumer, bypassing other distribution channels (e.g. selling insurance or holidays directly). With this type of strategy, consumer promotions and advertising are the most likely promotional tools. Pull Strategy A Ã¢â¬Å"pullÃ¢â¬ selling strategy is one that requires high spending on advertising and consumer promotion to build up consumer demand for a product. If the strategy is successful, consumers will ask their retailers for the product, the retailers will ask the wholesalers, and the wholesalers will ask the producers. A good example of a pull is the heavy advertising and promotion of childrensÃ¢â¬â¢ toys Ã¢â¬â mainly on television. Consider the recent BBC promotional campaign for its new pre-school program Ã¢â¬â the Fimbles. Aimed at two to four-year-olds, 130 episodes of Fimbles have been made and are featured everyday on digital childrens channel CBeebies and BBC2. As part of the promotional campaign, the BBC has agreed a deal with toy maker Fisher-Price to market products based on the show, which it hopes will emulate the popularity of the Tweenies. Under the terms of the deal, Fisher-Price will develop, manufacture and distribute a range of Fimbles products including soft, plastic and electronic learning toys for the UK and Ireland. In 2001, BBC Worldwide (the commercial division of the BBC) achieved sales of Ã £90m from its childrens brands and properties last year. The demand created from broadcasting of the Fimbles and a major advertising campaign is likely to Ã¢â¬Å"pullÃ¢â¬ demand from children and encourage retailers to stock Fimbles toys in the stores for Christmas 2002. Difference Between Push And Pull Strategy Push marketing is when you use various activities to get your message in front of your ideal client. The marketer is in control of what the message is, how it is seen, when and where. Marketing activities that encourage your prospect to seek you out and find out whether you have something of value to offer them. Pull marketing activities build relationships and can include blogging, podcasting, article marketing and networking (both on and offline). Pull marketing uses the law of attraction, incorporating all the components of your personal brand to attract and retain these people as your biggest fans. Pull marketing is where you develop advertising and promotional strategies that are meant to entice the prospect to buy your product or service. Some classic examples are Ã¢â¬Å"half off!Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"bring in this coupon to save 25%Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"buy one get one freeÃ¢â¬ , etc. With pull marketing, you are trying to create a sense of increased, time limited value so that the customer will come into your store to buy. Pull is not about pulling consumers in; itÃ¢â¬â¢s about giving consumers a reason to pull us in. Remember truism #1 Ã¢â¬â theyÃ¢â¬â¢re in control; they (not we) decide where they go and what they experience. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve lost the right to pull consumers anywhere (if we ever really had that right at all.) Pull means that we to go to them, join their communities, give them reasons to voluntarily draw us into their personal media experiences. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re not interrupting them. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re opting into us.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Cubism (a name suggested by Henri Matisse in 1909) is a non-objective approach to painting developed originally in France by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque around 1906. The early, "pre-Cubist" period (to 1906) is characterized by emphasizing the process of construction, of creating a pictorial rhythm, and converting the represented forms into the essential geometric shapes: the cube, the sphere, the cylinder, and the cone. Between 1909 and 1911, the analysis of human forms and still lifes (hence the name -- Analytical Cubism) led to the creation of a new stylistic system which allowed the artists to transpose the three-dimensional subjects into the flat images on the surface of the canvas. An object, seen from various points of view, could be reconstructed using particular separate "views" which overlapped and intersected. The result of such a reconstruction was a summation of separate temporal moments on the canvas. Picasso called this reorganized form the &qu ot;sum of destructions," that is, the sum of the fragmentations. Since color supposedly interferred in purely intellectual perception of the form, the Cubist palette was restricted to a narrow, almost monochromatic scale, dominated by grays and browns. A new phase in the development of the style, called Synthetic Cubism, began around 1912. In the center of the painters' attention was now the construction, not the analysis of the represented object -- in other words, creation instead of recreation. Color regained its decorative function and was no longer restricted to the naturalistic description of the form. Compositions were still static and centered, but they lost their depth and became almost abstract, although the subject was still visible in synthetic, simplified forms. The construction requirements brought about the introduction of new textures and new materials (cf. paper collages). Cubism lasted till 1920s and had a profound effect on the art of the avant-garde. Russian painters were introduced to Cubism through the works bought and displayed by wealthy patrons like Shchukin and Morozov. As they did with many other movements, the Russians interpreted and transformed Cubism in their own unique way. In particular, the Russian Cubists carried even further the abstract potential of the style. Some of the most outstanding Cubist works came from the brush of Malevich, Popova, and Udal'tsova.
Monday, January 13, 2020
This assignment contains about business environment. Business environment refers to different forces or surroundings that affect business operations. Such forces include customers, competitors, suppliers, distributors, industry trends, substitutes, regulations, government activities, the economy, and social and cultural factors. Others are innovations and technological developments. We choose Proton Holdings Berhad because we think this local company is the best company for us to do this business environment assignment because this company use this include Macro, Micro and Internal Environment. PROTON COMPANY BACKGROUND Proton Holdings Berhad (stylized PROTON) is a Malaysian automobile manufacturer. It is headquartered in Shah Alam, Selangor and operates an additional manufacturing plant in Tanjung Malim, Perak. The company was founded in 1983 and was the sole vehicle manufacturer in Malaysia until the establishment of Perodua in 1993. Proton is a Malay acronym for Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional Sendirian Berhad. (English: National Automobile Company Private Limited). Proton was largely a manufacturer of badge engineered vehicles from Mitsubishi Motors between 1985 and the early 2000s. The company has since produced several indigenously designed vehicles and operates in at least 26 countries, of which the majority are in Asia. Proton was formerly owned by Khazanah Nasional, the investment holding arm of the government of Malaysia. In January 2012, it was taken over by DRB-HICOM, a Malaysian conglomerate in a transaction amounting RM1. 2 billion. Proton, predominantly reliant on the local industry is currently undergoing major structural and internal changes, as evident in the appointment of a new owner, partner, Chairman and the launch of various new and upcoming models in an effort to gain an international presense and increase profitability. PROTON produced MalaysiaÃ¢â¬â¢s first car, the Proton SAGA which was commercially launched on July 9, 1985 by Malaysian Prime Minister, DatoÃ¢â¬â¢ Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad who conceived the idea of a Malaysian car. One of the reason of this achievement is due to the introduction of new models with higher profit margins, stronger sales volume, savings from group-wide cost-reduction initiatives, income from the sale of rights for use of Intellectual Property Rights relating to a vehicle platform (for the China market) as well as the R&D grant. For the year 2008, PROTONÃ¢â¬â¢s focus would be in the core areas of product, quality, cost efficiency and distribution network. PROTON aims to have a strong product portfolio by introducing Ã¢â¬Å"the right car, for the right market, at the right price and at the right timeÃ¢â¬ . This was reflected in the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s newly introduced Exora, Persona and Saga Models, with the latter powered by the new CamPro IAFM engine. PROTON has also continued to update and refresh existing product lines to entice and attract customers. PROTON cars are also known internationally as competitive and innovative automobiles. PROTON now is being exported to 50 countries like United Kingdom and continental European markets, thereby realizing its goal of being an internationally successful Malaysian automobile manufacturer. The first PROTON car was exported in 1986. The number has increased steadily and in 1998, Malaysia exported a total of 18,422 units to countries and areas, including Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Cyprus, Egypt, Fiji, Germany, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Maldives, Mauritius, Oman, Philippines, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan Province of China, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and United Kingdom. The models being exported include Wira, Sedan/Aeroback, Satria and Putra. PROTONÃ¢â¬â¢s exports are the most successful in the United Kingdom due to its competitive pricing strategy and its buyback arrangement with car rental companies in the country. PROTON also benefited from the Generalised Preferences Scheme that made it easy for them to enter the United Kingdom market. PROTON has introduced a few upgraded models with higher engine capacity and sporty design to establish its presence internationally. PROTON is focusing to be more customer-oriented and by producing competitively priced and innovative products. It is therefore contributing to the MalaysiaÃ¢â¬â¢s attainment of Vision 2020. Main Body. Macroenvironment a) POLITICAL FACTORS Currently, most of ASEAN region are free trade or 96% of the entire ASEAN trade. Asian Free Trade Area was established in January of 1992 in order to eliminate tariff barriers among the Southeast Asian countries. It planned to reduce tariffs to zero to 5% in 15 years among the six nations through a common effective preferential tariff (Ghani & Zainuddin 2008). If we are going to check on the high selling prices of the national cars of Malaysia because of high production costs and lack of vendor efficiency, there is a big possibility that the local market will be ruled by imported cars. In Malaysia, PROTON prices are kept comparatively lower to foreign manufacturers through protectionism. Protectionist policy has largely been blamed for PROTON Ã¢â¬Ës stagnating performance. b) ECONOMIC FACTORS The vehicle sales in the country is expected to fall by year by year due to different economic aspect, primarily the issue of global financial crisis, which affected the local financial status of the country (AseanOneMonitoring 2009). As a result, the government of the country is expecting a slow economic growth for the country, which can affect the buying behavior of the customers. Furthermore, due to the AFTA, it had increased the competition, which will impact the performance of Proton. c) SOCIAL FACTORS The growing population in the country is one of the factors which can affect the automobile industry. Furthermore, the ratio of car ownership in the country is somewhat high or total of 1:5, which signifies that people are considering cars as important things in their lives. Furthermore, people will also set on big-ticket items or consumers are expected to put off buying different motor vehicles because of the employment market uncertainty because of the global and local financial crisis (AseanOneMonitoring 2009). d) TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS Due to the increasing competition, the development in technology is growing and affecting the performance and position of each and every company in the automobile industry. It is also important to consider the maturity of technology, together with the maturity and capacity of manufacturing, which affect the innovation process of any company. Due to the different technologies, primarily the help of computer and the Internet, the potential for innovation and development is increasing. Microenvironment * Suppliers The supplier has a neutral power over the industry. This is because there are few dominant suppliers in the industry who are well known for quality and brand image. Provide the resources to produce goods and services. Treated as partners to provide customers service. Proton Supplier, AV Ventures steering, wiper and washer and window regulator systems. Ichikoh, Head lamp, mirror (also for Toyota, Nissan, and Subaru). * Other stakeholders ProtonÃ¢â¬â¢s key stakeholders are the Environment, the Malaysian government, the Malaysian public, car owners as well as its vendors and suppliers. The Malaysia Government owns 52% of Proton shares through Khazanah, Petronas and ValueCap. ValueCap is a government investment arm. The government also heavily subsidizes the production of proton cars by giving grants and exemptions/tax credits. But despite that, Proton continues to make loses. The Malaysian public is the indirect shareholder through EPF (Employees Provident Fund), government unit trust funds Amanah Saham Bumiputera, Amanah Saham Malaysia) and Lembaga Tabung Haji. Together these funds hold around 20% of Proton shares. Additionally, it is the public that pays the tax, which then is used to provide grants and tax credits. Proton also involves in sponsorships in the area of education and sports as well as donations to the needy. Customers or car owners canÃ¢â¬â¢t find the exact figures of active Protons cars currently being driven all over Malaysia but I would estimate the figure to be around 3 million (assuming no cars have been fully retired). The figure is justified since I can still see many first generation Proton Saga cars on the road. Environment also externality factor to be considered by having almost 3 million proton cars on our road (most of the cars produced are sold locally in Malaysia !! ). Moreover, the earlier generations of Proton are nearing retirement and may need to be sent to scrap yard and contribute to our ever increasing waste disposal problem. Vendors and Suppliers More than 80 per cent of Proton components are currently produced or supplied by automotive component manufacturers and suppliers. ProtonÃ¢â¬â¢s network of 287 vendors and approximately 3,000 sub-vendors currently supply more than 5,000 individual components and parts for its cars. * Intermediaries We continued to work with our distributors and dealers in a number of ways, most importantly, on programs designed to enhance the sales and service experience for our customers. The strengthening of the domestic sales and service network remain our key focus to improve customer service and maintain our market share. Proton Cars Australia recorded retail sales of 1,388 units, an increase of 55%. This was the second largest increase in percentage terms of any OEM in Australia. The higher sales were attributed to the success of the Jumbuck (Arena) which accounted for 786 units. Proton Cars UK managed to retail a total of 507 units of Jumbuck (Arena), which represented 80% of the sub one ton single cab petrol pick-up market. Total sales however, recorded a decline of 14% with the gradual phasing out of the old products. Proton has continued to achieve excellent results in the 2004 UK J. D. Power Customer Satisfaction Survey. Proton tied for 10th position in the Overall Top Brand Category out of 33 brands and was placed second in Dealer Service Satisfaction, just behind Lexus. Further inroad into the neighbouring Asean markets is expected in 2005 with the establishment of Proton Edar Indonesia and Proton Singapore. * Competitor The big competitor in Malaysia in term of automobile companies and affordable car is PERODUA. The competitive environment as we can see roughly in Malaysia is affordable car where all citizens in Malaysia can buy it and the car maintenances also cheap. Here, the porter four are been applied for more clearly because the competitive environment not only about the competitor. It can be about the economic recession, natural disaster and etc. i) Competitive Rivalry In Malaysia, there is not too much competitor around affordable car. The low cost car as I mentioned above (cheap maintenance) is not have a lot of competitor in generally. The affordable car in Malaysia also, gets more potential to sell compared to luxury car. The luxury car is only certain people used. As we see the environment in Malaysia, 1 family will have more than 1 car. For sure, the first car they will choose the cheaper car and affordable car. ii) Threat of New Entrant (high) The economic recession will be a big threat for PROTON. As we know, all big company will facing over budget or does not achieve the sale for that year. The government will lose a lot of money cause of policy and shareholders. By the way, economic down turn actually comes suddenly without notice. iii) Threat of Substitutes (high) Substitutes also will be a big threat for PROTON. Malaysia has to national car. The First automobile is PROTON and secondly PERODUA. The substitutes will high in term of car model (some of car model looks similar), and car spare part. iv) Buyer Power Buyer will choose the low cost car for the first car and buyer also actually are fragmented. So, it will not has much influence. * Customer Customers are the source of our income. We deliver on our promises to our customersÃ¢â¬â¢ satisfaction. The process in identifying the consumer target for new Proton Exora 2 is important due to the fact that consumers tend to have different brand knowledge structures and thus they will perceive differently for the products or services. Proton has successfully identified their target market, according to the segmentation bases namely behavioral, demographic and psychographic factors. INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT Marketing The company used to segment its market on variables such as behavioral, demographic, and geographical differences. Behavioral Segmentation: Behavioral segmentation is based on the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs and subsequent reaction to those needs or toward the purchase of intended products and/or services. Demographic Segmentation: Demographic segmentation refers to a wide study of the potential customers. Since the company is targeting its market to more economy class customers, demographic segmentation is employed by the company. Geographical Segmentation: Geographical segmentation is done by dividing people (markets) into different geographical locations. The company targets markets of different countries other than Malaysia. Production PROTONÃ¢â¬â¢s model products include WAJA, SATRIA, GTi, WIRA, ISWARA, ARENA, PERDANA V6, JUARA, PERSONA and EXORA. The range of 1. 3, 1. 5, 1. 6, 1. 8 and 2. 0 litre engines satisfies a wide spectrum of customers both locally and abroad. PROTONÃ¢â¬â¢s model products include WAJA, SATRIA, GTi, WIRA, ISWARA, ARENA, PERDANA V6, JUARA, PERSONA and EXORA. The range of 1. 3, 1. 5, 1. 6, 1. 8 and 2. 0 litre engines satisfies a wide spectrum of customers both locally and abroad. Based on technology and parts from Mitsubishi Motors, production of the first model, the Proton Saga began in September 1985 at its first manufacturing plant in Shah Alam, Selangor. The 100,000th Proton Saga was produced in January 1989 and latest model is Suprima S. Finance Proton maintained huge financial profit thought the 1980s till 2000 due to their high market share in Malaysia. But with the launch of an arch rival Perodua in 1993, Proton was about to have a big run for its money and this came to reality in the 2000s. ProtonÃ¢â¬â¢s market share dropped in 2006 to 30. 4% for the Malaysian market. Their generated revenue of 7,796 ( Million in Malaysian Ringgit) in 2006 was the second lowest in the last seven years as the company have always hit the billion Ringgit mark in the previous 7 years. This fall allowed Perodua to overtake Proton as the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s largest passenger carmaker for the first time in history, with a 41. 6% market share while Proton fell from 40% in 2005 to 32% in 2006. Their market share continued to reduce down to 23. 1% in 2010 mainly due to new government policies. For example, under AFTA, Malaysia has reduced import tariffs, admittedly after having secured a two-year deferral from ASEAN. Import tariffs on completely built-up (CBU) unites were reduced from a band of 70 Ã¢â¬â 90 percent to 20 percent at the start of 2005. However, it is important to understanding that Proton losing its market share to Perodua, another Malaysian automobile that was formed a decade after full operation of Proton could hint some gaps in their management system. In other to justify these claims, it is necessary to have a look at their in-depth financial performance since the 2000s and how they have coped with loses in relation to their internationalization project. Personnel The overall thrust of our Human Resource strategy is to recruit, reward and retain the best employees. During the year, a number of recruitment road shows were conducted in Malaysia as well as the UK among leading engineering and business universities to meet our growing requirement. The response was overwhelming and more such road shows are being planned for the coming year. An internship program for graduate trainees was implemented during the year to meet the growing needs of the business. The Human Resource Management Group has continued to be the key forum for the communication of policies and issues affecting the employees. The Group comprising representatives from the Senior Management and the Proton Workers Union meet on a monthly basis to discuss strategic human resource issues affecting employees. It is a unique program that allows regular communication and prompt resolution of issues as well as participation by the Union in the development of policies affecting the employees. Research & Development The Group continues to research new technologies with the ultimate aim to put these innovations into production through partnerships with Tier One Suppliers or OEM customers. Two such advancements likely to see production are engine technology AVT (Active Valve Train) and chassis technology VVA (Versatile Vehicle Architecture). The Group has also invested significantly on the development of new innovative products to meet the challenges of the market place. During the financial year, the Group invested RM542. 9 million (2003: RM413 million) in research and development. For 2004, total development expenditure increased significantly with work focused on the development of new models on a number of platforms including the leading edge Versatile Vehicle Architecture (VVA). The VVA reduces the time it takes to bring a new product to market and helps meet changing demand more quickly. Globally, we are moving towards shared technologies so that vehicles can be differentiated while using common components. The reduction in development time will create greater efficiency and the standardisation will also lead to greater economies of scale in purchasing components. Development has also begun on an aluminium-bodied vehicle built on the VVA platform. Increased fuel efficiency and power through weight reduction and material recyclability are key factors that have conspired together to promote the use of aluminium in vehicle body structures for high volume production. CONCLUSION Proton is aiming to become one of the strong competitors of the automobile companies in market. So, as other existed competitors challenge the other proton company, they were inspired by them to develop a quality business for the customers. Competitive advantage is what they are targeting for company and there are business motivational is about the capabilities in automobile companies . Even they are realizing that there are some existed competitors have their own abilities in the automobile, they are also have the buyer Power. The buyer will choose the cheap car for the first car and buyer also actually are fragmented. Therefore, it will not have much affecting. Besides that, they are always finds a way to make the market being effective with their strong distribution network. However, the companies of proton is the most famous company in Malaysia as we know and they will try the best to ensure that damage will occur. Moreover, proton also is one of the companies which give a inspiration on all people and race in Malaysia irrespective early age or that old. Everyone knows, that Proton has various product automobile with the design distinctive. Some, from revenue scooped the great of benefits had rival that high with others automobile company. Even though, it still will ensure that Proton companies will always stable with economy and in terms of from product aspect is that best and high quality.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Nghia Nguyen Hannah Elder ENGL 096/101 Final Draft Food Culture in Vietnam and America When we discuss about the differences between Vietnamese and America culture, we can think of many things such as History, Style of Music, Arts, Religion, Language, etc. And, I will tell you some differences and similarities in eating culture of the two countries. Even though they both have things in common such as familyÃ¢â¬â¢s dinner, tea and coffee for morning, three meals a day or small snacks between main meals. But, the food cultures of two countries are different in many ways including kinds of farmland, living style, cooking style and eating style. First of all, Vietnam and America both have farmlands and seas to raise animals and seaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The basic food in Vietnam is dry; the meals usually come with rice, vegetables, eggs, and small amounts of meat and fish. Although similar to Chinese cooking, Vietnamese cooking uses little fat or oil for frying. Fish sauce is a main spice in almost every Vietnamese dish. In addition, they drink a large amount of hot green tea and coffee without adding sugar, milk, or lemon. As same as Vietnamese, in America they have three meals a day with some snacking on fruits andShow MoreRelatedDifferences between Vietnam and America1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages 1 As a girl who was born and raised in Vietnam, a third world country, and then moved to the United States of America three years ago, I experienced a big culture shock. Everything was very different here compared to where I come from. It was a big opportunity for me to explore the new world. I got to learn about the differences between Vietnamese and American families, education, and food. 2 In Vietnam, family is very important; everybody in the family stays close together. It does not matterRead MoreAmerica s 5d Dimensions For Vietnam And Usa1091 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages3B. HoffstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s 5D Dimensions for Vietnam and USA Low Power Distance vs. High Power Distance In Vietnam there is a great disparity between those who are economically on top of the ladder and those that are below. There is virtually no middle class therefore Vietnam gets a very high power distance ranking of 70. It should be noted that in these societies that have a high power distance, trust in their managers is vitally important to sustain a good work environment. This could be due to manyRead MoreDiscrimination against Vietnamese Immigrants in America1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiscrimination against Vietnamese Immigrants in America Vietnamese did not magically appear in the United States, the Vietnam War sparked the immigration of Vietnamese to America. Vietnamese did not virtually exist in the United States until 1975 when the war forced Vietnamese to evacuate (Povell). The war began after Vietminh defeated France and split into North and South Vietnam (OÃ¢â¬â¢Connel). In 1956 communist Ho Chi Minh ruled the North Vietnam, and Bao Dai ruled the South, who the United StatesRead MoreAnalysis Of Catfish And Mandala By Andrew X1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbicycle tour of Vietnam, with his childhood memories of the place. The book characterizes the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s younger life in the country, until when he later moved to America with his family. Upon moving to America, he encountered a veteran of the Vietnam War, and it was the veteran s disturbed emotional state that prompted Andrew to make various observations, among them, is the role of culture in people s life. He set to establish the differences between the American and Vietnam cultures, which to himRead MoreDifferent Aspects Of The Vietnamese Culture Essay1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Vietnam The Vietnamese culture is one of the oldest among the countries in Southeast Asia. Primarily, the Bronze Age Dong Son Culture is considered imperative among the Vietnamese. The 1000 years of Chinese rule, however, has eroded some of the important Vietnamese traditions, especially governance and politics. Furthermore, the nation has a rich history, beneficial climatic conditions, and notable physical features. Although modernization has changed the different aspects of the VietnameseRead MoreThe Vietnamese Culture Essay1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Vietnamese culture is one of the oldest among the countries in Southeast Asia. Primarily, the Bronze Age Dong Son Culture is considered imperative among the Vietnamese. The 1000 years of Chinese rule, however, has eroded some of the important VietnamÃ¢â¬â¢s traditions, especially governance and politics. Furthermore, the nation has a rich history, beneficial climatic conditions, and notable physical features. Although modernization has changed the different aspects of the Vietnamese, various practicesRead MoreAmerica and the Rest of the World Essay610 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThesis Paper on the topic Ã¢â¬Å"America and the Rest of the WorldÃ¢â¬ There are two Americas. One is the America of Lincoln and Adlai Stevenson; the other is the America of Teddy Roosevelt and the modern superpatriots. One is generous and humane, the other narrowly egotistical; one is self-critical, the other self-righteous; one is sensible, the other romantic; one is good-humored, the other solemn; one is inquiring, the other pontificating; one is moderate, the other filled with passionate intensity;Read MoreThe Is My Heart And My Soul, America, My Mind And Spirit, By Leah Lee Essay1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKorean Language in AmericaÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural identity is formed by the complex configuration of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own culture and a recognition of the social group to which one belongs in practice.Ã¢â¬ (117). Everyone has an identity that was created by culture. Everyone have a culture that they were born into, sometimes with a mix of two or three cultures. Each culture has different values and traditions tha t conflict a personÃ¢â¬â¢s decision in life. However, having different cultures make one interestingRead MorePresident Lyndon B. Johnson s Great Society1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesquality of life among all Americans, he initiated the War on Poverty during the 1960s. The War on Poverty was built by using government funding to improve poverty-stricken areas of the country and to start Ã¢â¬Å"...a new food stamp program, giving poor people greater choice in obtaining food, and rent supplements that provided alternatives to public housing projects for some poor families.(Roark, Pg.936). Johnson also focused in improving education for children and also job training for adults. In additionRead MoreThe Population Of The United States1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbut two sets of culture. Sometimes, this can cause a clash of ideologies, which can lead to an individual being raised multi-culturally; one may grow up eating the food of one culture in another cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s way. When one has a multi-cultural background, it may be hard to express oneÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural identity; alternatively, one may identify as another, wholly separate culture. Perhaps growing up with a single-culture household but bombarded with a foreign culture (say, a Russian in America) can cause one
Friday, December 27, 2019
As we read AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland and The Island of Dr. Moreau, we enter into two unique worlds of imagination. Both Lewis Carroll and H.G. Wells describe lands of intrigue and mystery. We follow Alice and Prendick into two different worlds where animals speak, evolution is tested, and reality is bent until it nearly breaks. It is the masterminds of Lewis Carroll and H.G. Wells that take these worlds of fantasy and make them realistic. How do these two great authors make the unbelievable believable? Both AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland and The Island of Dr. Moreau float in between a dream world and reality, which makes the real seem unbelievable and the unbelievable seem real. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In H.G. WellsÃ¢â¬â¢s TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is later in the story, where reality really becomes deformed. First, Prendick is locked out of the inner rooms of the enclosure, because of their Ã¢â¬Å"little secrets.Ã¢â¬ Second, Prendick walks out into the woods to get away from the pumaÃ¢â¬â¢s crying. It is hear that he gets a good look at one of the deformities for the first time. Ã¢â¬Å"Then I saw it was a man, going on all fours like a beast! (pg. 38).Ã¢â¬ It is this sight that sends PrendickÃ¢â¬ s imagination wild. Ã¢â¬Å"The thicket about me became altered to my imagination. Every shadow became something more than a shadow, became an ambush, every rustle became a threat. Invisible things seemed watching me (pg. 39).Ã¢â¬ It is these emotions of PrendickÃ¢â¬â¢s that make the unbelievable seem real. He has gone from a sane man with some studies in science to a man who fears the shadows and sees men walk on all fours. The dream st ate of everything at this time keeps us believing that anything is possible. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;This is the same technique that Lewis Carroll uses in AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland. The story begins with Alice getting tired, which implies that she is falling asleep and going to enter the fantastic world of dreams. Immediately, she sees a white rabbit in a waistcoat. This puts the reader directly into the world of fantasy and imagination. It is CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s use of explanations that makes this unbelievable world seem real. No matter how strange something appears it has aShow MoreRelatedAlice Of Wonderland By Alice Walker1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬ ¢ Alice is the main character in Alice in wonderland because she is the first character mentioned in the play and the story is named after her. Alice is also a shy girl Ã¢â¬Å" Alice very quietly wandered away and sat down under a treeÃ¢â¬ pg2 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Alice in wonderland takes place during summer in a magical place called wonderland. I know this because the play is called Alice in wonderland. Ã¢â¬Å"One warm and quiet summer afternoon, a little girl named Alice was in her gardenÃ¢â¬ Read More Alice in Wonderland Essay1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Alice in Wonderland Alice in Wonderland by Charles L Dodgeson (Lewis Carrol) is a classic masterpiece and example of great literature. Many people know of this book as merely a childÃ¢â¬â¢s tale or a Disney movie. As both were adopted from the book, many of the ideas were not. I have my own feelings and opinions of this book. Remarkable use of words and an originally creative theme and plot structure are both used in this book. The author of this novel used many hidden meanings, symbolism, and ambiguousRead More Reflective Essay: Alice in Wonderland1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere and back again with Alice I gasp my hands on my knees, bent over, out of breath. I can feel my lungs compressing and pushing hard against my chest in an effort to fit just a little more air. My palms are wet, beads of sweat trickle down my forehead, making my hair feel wet and sticky. My shirt is drenched in sweat. I stare at the ground and see the stalks of grass, standing tall like trees to the tiny ants that scurry among them. What I must look like to those minuscule creatures, like a giantRead MoreAlice in Wonderland Literary Analysis Essay1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlice In Wonderland Literary Analysis Many themes are explored when reading Lewis CarrolÃ¢â¬â¢s, Alice in Wonderland. Themes of childhood innocence, child abuse, dream, and others. Reading the story, it was quite clear to see one particular theme portrayed through out the book: child to adult progression. Alice in Wonderland is full of experiences that lead Alice to becoming more of herself and that help her grow up. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a story of trial, confusion, understanding, and success. And more confusion. ThoughRead MoreAlice s Journey Through Wonderland958 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventures in Wonderland is fundamentally about the growth of the character of Alice. In the Victorian period 1837- 1901, there was a changes in children education and reflexively development of children literature. Therefore when writing Lewis Carroll attempts to put forth a form of education within the text. The story follows Alice who is a seven year old well-mannered victorian girl that stumbles through a rabbit hole into th e magical world of Wonderland. Alice takes on the role of theRead MoreAnalysis Of The Mad Hatter In Alice In Wonderland1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction: In DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s Alice in Wonderland, a twenty-year-old girl named Alice Kingsley experiences very strange dreams ever since she was child. She dreams of a smiling cat, a white rabbit in a waist coat, a blue caterpillar and much more unusual things. At her surprise engagement party, Alice was walking in the garden when she noticed something strange. To her surprise, she saw a white rabbit in a waist coat that looked exactly like the one in her dreams. Suddenly, Alice becomes overwhelmed atRead MoreAlice s Wonderland : Carbon Copy1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlice in Wonderland Masterpiece: Carbon Copy Can a perfect Alice movie be made by only mixing and matching aspects of more than one movie? If so, how would it be accomplished? I propose that it can be done and this paper has compile information showing by finding the perfect Alice Character, sticking to the true spirit of Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s Alice in Wonderland original story line, incorporating the right visual and special effects, as well as, the best animation, sound, art direction, and the bestRead MoreWhat Really Happened to Alice in Wonderland1336 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat Really Happened In Wonderland... It was a bright, sunny day in the Red QueenÃ¢â¬â¢s rose garden when all of a sudden I heard my name being called. Ã¢â¬Å"WHERE IS THAT WHITE RABBIT?!Ã¢â¬ yelled the Queen. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh noÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¦ I thought. I felt myself being pulled out of my hiding place from under the bushes. Ã¢â¬Å"There you areÃ¢â¬ the Red Queen scowled. Ã¢â¬Å"I need you to fetch me a girl named Alice and bring her back to me immediatelyÃ¢â¬ she said again. Ã¢â¬Å"Alice?Ã¢â¬ I managed to breathe out. Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"And I need her here beforeRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of The Mad Hatter In Alice In Wonderland1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction: In DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s Alice in Wonderland, a twenty-year-old girl named Alice Kingsley experiences very strange dreams ever since she was a child. She dreams of a smiling cat, a white rabbit in a waistcoat, a blue caterpillar and much more unusual things. At her surprise engagement party, Alice was walking in the garden when she noticed something strange. To her surprise, she saw a white rabbit in a waistcoat that looked exactly like the one in her dreams. Suddenly, Alice becomes overwhelmed atRead MoreAlice in Wonderland889 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIdentity Crisis Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s Alice in Wonderland follows the story of young Alice trapped in the world of Wonderland after falling down through a rabbit-hole. The rabbit-hole which is filled with bookshelves, maps, and other objects foreshadows the set of rules, the ones Alice is normally accustomed to, will be defied in Wonderland. This conflict between her world and Wonderland becomes evident shortly after her arrival as evinced by chaos in Ã¢â¬Å"Pool of TearsÃ¢â¬ and Alice brings up the main theme of the
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Graduate-Level Writing Analysis and Development Plan Communication in writing skills for the past six weeks were standards information on different sorts of sources for rapidly flowing needs of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s writers. This form of writing shows the role of strategies in writing on subjects. It demonstrated contracts between oral communication and written communication. The main ideas in this course discovery, objectives, critical thinking, and tension, valuing course resources time management, and cooperating with others (Giordano 2012). However, the skills for effective writing produce volumes of masterÃ¢â¬â¢s level for the required resources in this way. Week One, Week Two, Week Four, and Fifth week Individual Assignments. The strengths I have is formulating an outline and word count, and using the APA styles in composition. The organizational style of the introduction and conclusion were good with no deductions, which meets count requirements that meets academic audience. 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